Mobile Apps & Resources Guide

Collage of mobile app icons

Our mobile devices are great for helping us to stay in touch with friends and family, keeping us up-to-date with the latest trends and news on social media and, of course, for sharing cat videos.

However, your mobile device can also be a great tool for learning and study, if you’ve got the right apps!

With recommendations from students in SNES, (who have been using tablets on their course for the past year) our updated Mobile Apps and Resources Guide provides a host of freely available apps and mobile friendly resources that can help you get the most from your device. It includes apps for study and productivity, creativity and design, history, languages, business, science and more.

Screenshot of the Mobile Apps Guide page

So whether you’re just getting set up with your tablet or an old hand looking for something new to help keep you organised with your work or up-to-date in your subject area, our guide has something to help.

Some highlights include:

Microsoft Office Lens – this app helps you make documents or pictures of whiteboards screen readable. You can also use Office Lens to convert images to PDF, Word and PowerPoint files.

Pocket – allows you to save articles, videos and stories from any publication, page or app to read at a later time.

Trello  – a useful tool that helps you to organize and prioritize your projects using boards, lists and cards.

BrowZine –  a tool that allows you to access and keep up to date with key journal titles that the Library subscribes to in your subject area.

If you have any further suggestions for useful apps that we could add to the guide, let us know at: lib-sage@ncl.ac.uk

Meet the Liaison team

By now some of you may have already met us, but if not you may be wondering who we are and what we do. As the name suggests, the Library’s liaison team liaise with the academic schools at Newcastle University, to help us plan and deliver excellent Library services which meet the needs of staff and students. We’re a friendly bunch: you should get to know us!

How can you get in touch with us?

We’re here to help you get the best out of the Library, so if you need help it’s easy to get in touch. You can find the contact details for the liaison team for your subject area here.  We recommend you use the subject team email addresses, rather than emailing an individual person. That’s because some of us work part-time, or may be away:  emailing the team will ensure you’ll get a prompt answer.

Thieme Science of Synthesis (SOS) trial

We have trial access to Thieme Science of Synthesis (SOS) from now until the end of the year.

Are you looking for critically-reviewed, synthetically-relevant and readily-applicable methods with detailed experimental procedures to support your research projects?

To start getting to the synthesis quicker, try Thieme Science of Synthesis (SOS), a full-text resource for evaluated methods in synthetic organic chemistry.

There is no need to login as you will be recognized automatically by IP address during the trial. However, you can register for a personal account by clicking on “MySoS” in order to save searches and results lists.

Click the “Training & Support” button in the top menu to find case studies, author lists and further help. There is a quick start guide and video tutorials to support you.

We would like to know how this resource supports your research, assessed work and teaching, so please send any comments to Julia Robinson, Faculty Liaison Librarian for chemistry.

Resource Guides: it’s all in the name!

Last week, we let you in on the secrets of Library Search. This week we want to introduce you to our Resource Guides.

Library Search is a great starting point for any piece of research or essay, but there comes a time, when you need some extra help in finding a particular type of information. And that’s where our Resource Guides come in.  We have a range of guides to suit your information needs including: company information, market research, government publications, newspapers, maps, statistics, patents, standards, theses and dissertations, plus much more.

The guides group together all the main library subscriptions we have for that specific type of information, as well as linking out to key external links and resources too. Wherever possible we also include guidance and help on how to get the best out of the databases and links and group the information together into a logical and helpful way. We know how busy life is and we simply want to save you time!

So what you are waiting for, go and check out our fabulously named Resource Guides, because they do exactly what they say on the tin!

Freshers’ Guide to the Walton Library

Wishing a Warm Walton Welcome to all new and continuing students in the new academic year!

Just as you are settling into life at University we thought that you might benefit from this list of tips of how to make the most out of your time in the Walton Library.

Opening hours

The Library opening hours change throughout the year, but during term time, we are open normally until 22:00.

Resources

Use your Reading Lists as a great starting point for finding academic material. They can be accessed via your VLE (Virtual Learning Environment), which is either Blackboard or the MLE, depending on the course you are studying.

All academic resources that we purchase will be available via Library Search. It is the most prominent element on our colourful website and it will show you books, articles, journals in both physical or electronic format, databases and others.

The library website can be found here: www.ncl.ac.uk/library/
The library website can be found here: www.ncl.ac.uk/library/

Use keywords to find the titles that you need and Library Search will tell you whether we have them or not, whether they are available on the shelves, in which library and part of which collection they are. If a book we have in stock is NOT currently available on the shelves, the best thing you can do is to log in with your student ID and password and place a reservation:

Reserving is in your best interest because this is what will prompt a current reader of the book to bring it back so that you can use it. So remember: Shy bairns get nowt.

Specialist help

There are subject-specific guides that give you information directly relevant to your course. You can find them by selecting your course in Subject Support, on the Library website.

Want to ask us a question?

Library Help is the place you seek. You can browse our FAQ database by topic or search it by using keywords. You can also send us an email or chat with us. Library Chat is monitored 24/7, so as long as you have access to the internet, wherever you are in this great, big world, you can contact us.

Books added to the Library by students in ECLS (Semester Two 2018/19)

We have a service called “Books on Time” for students. This allows you to tell us about the books you need for your studies. If we don’t have the books you need, simply complete the web form and we’ll see if we can buy them. For books we already have in stock, if they are out on loan please make a reservation/hold request using Library Search.

Further information about Books on Time

In Semester Two, academic year 2018/2019 we bought the following items after requests from students in ECLS.

There were 38 requests from 29 students totalling £1988.77 (15% from Postgraduate taught and 60% from Postgraduate Research)

Title Now in stock
A Very Human Ending: How suicide haunts our species 1xlong
Academies and Free Schools in England: A History and Philosophy of the Gove Act 1xlong
Anomia: Theoretical and Clinical Aspects 1xlong
Beyond Rhetorical Questions Assertive questions in everyday interaction 1xlong
Beyond the Blew Stone: 300 years of Quakers in Newcastle 1xlong
Contraception, Colonialism and Commerce Birth Control in South India 1920-1940 1xlong
Difference or Disorder? 1xlong
Distance Education: A systems view 1xlong
Escape From Violence: Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World 1xlong
Framing Discourse on the Environment: A Critical Discourse Approach 1xlong
Global Education Inc. : New Policy Networks and the Neoliberal Imaginary 1xlong
How Teachers Taught: Constancy and Change in American Classrooms, 1890-1990 1xlong
Interacting With Objects 1xebook
Language Leader Advanced Coursebook and CD Rom Pack 1xlong
Language Leader Intermediate Coursebook and CD-Rom Pack 1xlong
Learn to Speak Cantonese: A Beginner’s Guide to Mastering Conversational Cantonese 1xlong
Literacy and Script Reform in Occupation Japan: Reading Between the Lines 1xlong
Managing Children with Developmental Language Disorder 1xlong
Marx after Marx: History and Time in the Expansion of Capitalism 1xlong
Measuring Voice, Speech, and Swallowing in the Clinic and Laboratory 1xlong
Meeting Ethnography : Meetings as Key Technologies 1xebook
Meta-Analysis in Stata: An Updated Collection from the Stata Journal 1xlong
Meta-study of qualitative health research: a practical guide to meta-analysis and meta-synthesis 2xlong
Modelling Performance in Tests of Spoken Language 1xlong
Neural Control of Speech 1xlong
Okinawan War Memory: Transgenerational Trauma and the War Fiction of Medoruma Shun 1xlong
Positive psychology for teachers 1xlong
Research on Reflective Practice in TESOL 1xlong
Restorative Practice and Special Needs 1xebook
The Arena of Masculinity: Sports, Homosexuality, and the Meaning of Sex 1xlong
The Cinema of Adolescence 1xlong
The Oxford Handbook of Social Justice in Music Education 1xlong
The SAGE Handbook of Digital Technology Research 1xlong
The Voice Book for Trans and Non-Binary People 1xlong
Theorizing about intercultural Communication 1xlong
Translanguaging in EFL Contexts a Call for Change 1xlong
Writing an Applied Linguistics Thesis Or Dissertation: A Guide to Presenting Empirical Research 1xebook
You Couldn’t Ignore Me If You Tried: The Brat Pack, John Hughes and their impact on a generation 1xlong

Books added to the Library by students in SAPL (Semester Two 2018/19)

We have a service called “Books on Time” for students. This allows you to tell us about the books you need for your studies. If we don’t have the books you need, simply complete the web form and we’ll see if we can buy them. For books we already have in stock, if they are out on loan please make a reservation/hold request using Library Search.

Further information about Books on Time

In Semester Two, academic year 2018/2019 we bought the following items after requests from students in SAPL.

There were 86 requests from 29 students totalling £2795.09 (22% of requests from undergraduates, 27% from Postgraduate taught and 51% from Postgraduate Research)

Title Now in stock
A Joint Enterprise: Indian Elites and the Making of British Bombay 1xlong
A Practical Guide to Permitted Changes of Use 1xlong
Aldo Rossi and the Spirit of Architecture 1xlong
Aldo Rossi: The Sketchbooks: 1990-1997 1xlong 
Alvaro Siza: City Sketches 1xlong
American Architecture: A Thematic History 1xlong
Anthropologies and Futures: Researching Emerging and Uncertain Worlds 1xlong
Architecture and Globalisation in the Persian Gulf region 1xlong
Architecture in Austria 1xlong
Architecture Re-Performed: The Politics of Reconstruction 1xebook
Are We Human : The Archaeology of Design 1xlong
Artificial Unintelligence How Computers Misunderstand the World 1xlong, 1xebook
Asperger’s Children: The Origins of Autism in Nazi Vienna 1xlong 
Atlas of emotion: journeys in art, architecture and film 2xlong
Believe me 1xlong
Carlo Scarpa and Castelvecchio Revisited 1xlong 
Celebrating Urban Light 1xlong 
Comfort, Cleanliness and Convenience: The Social Organisation of Normality 1xlong
Deciphering Sociological Research 1xlong
Digital Geographies / James Ash 2xlong
Driverless Urban Futures: A Speculative Atlas for Autonomous Vehicles 1xlong
Essai sur les signes inconditionnels dans l’art 2xlong
Food and Place: A Critical Exploration 1xlong 
Global Culture Industry: The Mediation of Things 1xlong
Gunther Domenig: Recent Work (Print) 1xlong
Hitler’s Final Fortress: Breslau 1945 1xlong
Human Space 1xlong
Imperial Conversations: Indo-Britons and the Architecture of South India 1xlong
Katsuya Terada 10 Ten: 10 Year Retrospective 1xlong 
Key Concepts in Community Studies 1xlong
Laboratory Lifestyles: The Construction of Scientific Fictions 1xlong
Learning From Memory: Body, Memory and Technology in a Globalising World 1xlong 
Lessons for the Big Society: Planning, Regeneration and the Politics of Community Participation 1xlong 
London Calling: The Middle Classes and the Remaking of Inner London 1xlong
Mass Timber: An Introduction to Solid Laminate Timber Systems 1xlong
Microcosm: A Portrait of a Central European City 1xlong
Miners and Millhands: Work, Culture and Politics in Princely Mysore 1xlong
Modern Architecture : A Very Short Introduction 1xlong
Mysore Modern: Reconceptualising the Region Under Princely Rule 1xlong
Night Fever: Designing Club Culture: 1960-Today 1xlong 
Norman Foster: Sketch Book 1xlong
Ornaments of the Metropolis Siegfried Kracauer and Modern urban Culture 1xlong 
Palermo Atlas (English Ed.) 1xlong
Philosophy and the city 1xlong
Politics and Conflict in Governance and Planning 1xlong
Powers Matchless : The Pontification of Urban VIII 1xlong
Race, Islam and Power: Ethnic and Religious Violence in Post-Suharto Indonesia 1xlong 
Remembering Places: A Phenomenological Study of the Relationship between memory and place 1xlong
Sense of Emptiness: An Interdisciplinary Approach 1xebook
Sharing Cities: Activating the Urban Commons 1xlong
Songbook: The Selected Poems of Umberto Saba 1xlong 
Structures of Experience: Un-Coding and Coding Emotions 1xlong
The Age of Living Machines: How Biology Will Build the Next Technology Revolution 1xlong
The Art of Posuka Demizu 1xlong 
The Death of Drawing Architecture in the Age of Simulation 1xlong, 1xebook
The History of European Jazz The Music, Musicians and Audience in Context 1xlong
The Life of the Automobile: The Complete History of the Motor Car 1xlong
The Meaning of Modern Architecture its inner necessity and an Empathetic Reading 1xlong 
The Microbial State: Global Thriving and the Body Politic 1xlong 
The Origins of Sociable Life: Evolution After Science Studies 1xlong
The Problem of Pleasure: Leisure, Tourism and Crime 1xlong 
The Promise of the Metropolis: Bangalore’s Twentieth Century 1xlong
Thermal Delight in Architecture 1xlong
TRANS-LOCAL-ACT: Cultural Practices within and across. 1xlong 
Understanding the Impacts of Deregualtion in Planning: Turning Offices into Homes? 1xlong, 1xebook
Vehicles Cars, Canoes and other metaphors of Moral Imagination 1xlong
Will AI replace us 1xlong

Books added to the Library by students in NUBS (Semester Two 2018/19)

We have a service called “Books on Time” for students. This allows you to tell us about the books you need for your studies. If we don’t have the books you need, simply complete the web form and we’ll see if we can buy them. For books we already have in stock, if they are out on loan please make a reservation/hold request using Library Search.

Further information about Books on Time

In Semester Two, academic year 2018/2019 we bought the following items after requests from students in NUBS.

There were 28 requests from 22 students totalling £1836.43 (25% from Undergraduates, 14%% from Postgraduate taught and 61% from Postgraduate Research)

Title Now in Stock
Bridging Disciplinary Perspectives of Country Image 1xlong
China-Europe Relations: Perceptions, Policies and Prospects 1xlong
Co-branding: The Science of Alliance 1xlong
Competing for capital: Europe and North America in Global Era 1xlong
Corporate Social Responsibility (Business and Society 360, Volume 2) 1xebook
Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability: Emerging Trends in Developing Economies 1xebook
Data Strategy: How to Profit from a World of Big Data, Analytics and the Internet of Things 1xlong
Economic Geography: The Integration of Regions and Nations 1xlong
Empirical Asset Pricing : The Cross Section of Stock Returns 1xlong
Fiscal Incentives for Investment and Innovation 1xlong
Handbook of the Fundamentals of Financial Decision Making 1xebook
Impression Management in Organization 1xebook
Managing the Ageing Workforce in the East and the West 1xlong
Matricentric Feminism: Theory, Activism, and Practice 1xebook
Objectivity and Subjectivity in Social Research 1xebook
Practising CSR in the Middle East 1xebook
Product-Country Images : Impact and Role in International Marketing 1xlong
Realist responses to post-human society :Ex machina 1xlong
Reinventing Jobs: A 4-Step approach for applying automation to work 1xlong
Sexual Harassment of Working Women: A Case of Sex Discrimination 1xlong
Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process and Application 1xlong, 1xebook
Supply Chains and Total Product Systems: A Reader 1xebook
Sustainable Transportation in the National Parks 1xlong
Systemic Risk, Crises, and Macroprudential Regulation 1xlong
The Oxford Handbook of Pierre Bourdieu 1xlong
The Oxford Handbook of Strategy Implementation 1xlong
The Regulatory aftermath of the global financial crisis 1xlong, 1xebook
Volume 39 Part B – Institutional Logics in Action, Part B 1xlong

Books added to the Library by students in GPS (Semester Two 2018/19)

We have a service called “Books on Time” for students. This allows you to tell us about the books you need for your studies. If we don’t have the books you need, simply complete the web form and we’ll see if we can buy them. For books we already have in stock, if they are out on loan please make a reservation/hold request using Library Search.

Further information about Books on Time

In Semester two, academic year 2018/2019 we bought the following items after requests from students in GPS.

There were 100 requests from 54 students totalling £5322.12 (40% from Undergraduates, 22% from Postgraduate taught and 38% from Postgraduate Research)

Title In Stock
18 Platoon 1xlong
Academic Capitalism and the New Economy: Markets, State, and Higher Education 1xlong
Already Doing It: Intellectual Disability and Sexual Agency 1xlong
An Overture of Sustainable Surface Water Management 1xebook
Animals and Sociology 1xlong
Architect of Apartheid 1xlong
Are We All Postracial Yet? 5xlong, 1xebook
Beyond the closet: The transformation of gay and lesbian life 1xlong
Biopolitics 1xlong 
Biopolitics: An Advanced Introduction 1xebook
Biosignatures for Astrobiology 1xebook
Borders, Mobility and Belonging in the Era of Brexit and Trump 1xlong
Bounded Choice: True Believers and Charismatic Cults 1xlong
Clic! Grillo, Casaleggio e la demagogia elettronica 1xlong
Degrowth: The Economy Key Ideas 1xlong
Democracy and Truth: A Short History 1xlong, 1xebook
Democracy Incorporated Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism 1xlong, 1xebook
DF Malan and the Rise of Afrikaner Nationalism 1xlong 
Dimensions of Marketisation in Higher Education 1xlong
Discrimination and Disparities 1xlong
Eternal Treblinka: Our Treatment of Animals and the Holocaust 1xlong 
European Others: Queering Ethnicity in Postnational Europe 1xlong 
Feminism and Affect at the Scene of Argument: Beyond the Trope of the Angry Feminist 1xebook
Feminism, Science and the Philosophy of Science 1xlong
Fully Automated Luxury Communism 1xlong
Gambling with other people’s money 1xlong
Geographies of the Super-Rich 1xlong
Global Divas: Filipino gay men in the diaspora 1xlong
God’s Peoples: Covenant and Land in South Africa, Israel and Ulster 1xlong
Handbook of Environmental Economics Volume 3 1xlong
Hayek: A Collaborative Biography, Part I: Influences from Mises to Bartley 1xebook
Hayek: A Collaborative Biography, Part III: Fraud, Fascism and Free Market Religion 1xebook
Homosexualities, Muslim Cultures and Modernity 1xlong
Ice: Nature and Culture 1xlong 
Il grillismo: Tra democrazia elettronica e movimento personale 1xlong
Indigenous Peoples and Globalization: Resistance and Revitalization 1xlong
Inuit Shamanism and Christianity 1xlong
Iran’s Persian Gulf Policy: Rom Khomeini to Khatami 1xebook
Law in Lawless Land: Diary of a Limpieza Colombia 1xlong
Lifestyle of Freedom: Individualism and Lifestyle Migration 1xlong
Making All Black Lives Matter Reimagining Freedom in the Twenty-First Century 1xlong
Michael J. Shapiro: Discourse, Culture, Violence 1xlong
Millionaire Migrants: Trans-Pacific Life Lines 1xlong 
Mixed Race Identities 1xebook
New Scots: Scotland’s Immigrant Communities since 1945 1xlong 
Our Children and Other Animals 1xlong
Political Aesthetics 1xlong
Postcolonialism, Decolonialty and Development 1xlong
Prison or Paradise? The New Religious Cults 1xlong
Putin: Russia’s Choice 1xlong
Qualitative Studies in Health and Medicine (Cardiff Papers in Qualitative Research) 1xlong
Race and the Undeserving Poor 1xlong
Race The Reality of Human Differences 1xebook
Rating Valuation : Principles and Practice 1xlong
Refugees and the Meaning of Home 1xebook
Resisting Biopolitics: Philosophical, Political, and performative Strategies 1xebook
Rethinking Peace 1xlong
Rockslides and Rock Avalanches of Central Asia: Distribution, Morphology, and Internal Structure 1xlong
Routledge Handbook of Disability Studies 3xlong, 1xebook
Running the Numbers A Practical Guide to Regional Economics 1xlong, 1xebook
Running the Numbers A Practical Guide to Regional Economics 1xlong, 1xebook
Rwandan Women Rising 1xebook
Scenarios in Public Policy 1xlong
Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory 1xlong
Social Solidarity and the Gift 1xlong
Spaces of Spirituality (Routledge Research in Culture, Space and Identity) 1xlong
Taboo: Sex, Identity and Erotic subjectivity in anthropological fieldwork 2xlong, 1xebook
Tacit Subjects : Belonging and Same-Sex Desire Among Dominican Immigrant 1xlong
The Anthem Companion to Karl Mannheim 1xlong
The Arab Spring in the Global Political Economy 1xlong
The British Growth Crisis – The Search for a new Model 1xlong
The Ethics Of Immigration 1xlong, 1xebook
The Ethics Of Immigration 1xlong, 1xebook
The Future of British Foreign Policy: Security and Diplomacy in a World after Brexit 1xlong
The geographies of fashion: consumption, space and value 1xebook
The Hip Hop & Obama Reader 1xlong
The Hip Hop Movement: From R&B and the Civil Rights Movement to Rap and the Hip Hop Generation 1xlong
The homoerotics of orientalism 1xlong
The Political Economy of Aid in Palestine 1xlong 
The Return: Russia’s Journey from Gorbachev to Medvedev 1xlong
The Rise of the European Self-Employed Workforce 1xlong
The Thames Tideway Tunnel: Preventing Another Great Stink 1xlong 
The Voortrekker Monument Pretoria 1xlong
The Will of the People : A Modern Myth 1xlong, 1xebook
They Can’t Kill Us All: Ferguson, Baltimore, and a New Era in America\’s Racial Justice Movement 1xlong
Transforming Disaster Response: Federalism and leadership 1xebook
Transition and change in the lives of people with intellectual disabilities 1xlong
Travel and Imagination 1xebook
Undoing Place? A Greographical Reader 1xlong
Using Documents and Records in Social Research: 4 volume set (SAGE Benchmarks in Social Research Methods) 1xlong
Virtual Orientalism: Asian Religions and American Popular Culture 1xlong
Vulnerability and Care : Christian Reflections on the Philosophy 1xlong
What Works for Parents with Learning Disabilities 1xlong
When Running Made History 1xlong
White Fragility 1xlong 
Who Stole the Town? The End of Local Government As We Know It 1xebook
Women and austerity : the economic crisis and the future for gender equality 1xlong
Writer’s Rights: Freelance Journalism in a Digital Age 1xebook
Zoopolis 1xlong

GUEST POST: Reflections on my First Year

Law Reports

Caitlin, a final year Law student, shares some advice for getting through the first year at Newcastle Law School.

About Me:

My name is Caitlin Stiles, I am a fourth (and Final Year) Law Student, and have recently come back from doing a Year Abroad in Groningen, The Netherlands. Alongside my degree studies, I am a Law Library Aide and the Law School’s Employment and Enterprise Representative.

As a Law Student myself, I know how first year feels and the first few weeks can be really overwhelming – don’t worry! Get used to the city, the degree, the accommodation and it all gets easier (and more enjoyable) over time.

I am writing this blog post to reflect on my First Year, as a Fourth Year Student (hindsight is a beautiful thing)! I’ll give you my top tips and what to do (and not to do), to hopefully make your law life a little easier.

My First Year:

Looking back, I entered First Year somewhat naively and thought that I would easily get the same grades as I got at A level. I soon learnt that there was a jump to make and spent the first few weeks worrying that my formative results were no longer in the eighties – trust me an eighty at A Level is very different in the degree! Your marks will improve over time as you get used to legal research.

I learnt quite quickly that headings in essays are your best friend, and can make a difference big difference in the clarity of your work.

It is also really important to balance your time. I know that First Year (and especially the first year deadlines) can be what seems like the most stressful semester of your life. Don’t take the “First year doesn’t count attitude”, because employers in final year will ask for an explanation – but having said that DO manage your time and get involved as much as possible!

Balance your degree with what you’re interested in, whether that’s a night on the Bigg Market, Sports Wednesdays or relaxing at your accommodation. First year is as much about getting to know Newcastle and student life, as it is about learning the skills that you’re taught – just make sure to strike a fair balance!

The Eldon Society offers so many opportunities (legal and non – legal) so do get involved, and there is no better time than first year to get involved so you can really grow and become part of the society and what it has to offer!

In regards to the degree and time management – figure out what works best for you! I personally found a 9-5 day was best for me (but didn’t learn this until second year!) I did all my seminar work, reading etc in the day by going to the library 9 to 5, and taking rest breaks and then having the evenings and weekends free to ‘de-stress’ and socialise. Secondly, your degree is not a competition, share notes, thoughts and revision tips with each other – this isn’t ‘Suits’, helping each other really does help you learn and succeed!

Seminars are the most valuable part of university teaching, a lot of the time they are really focused on helping prepare for the exam – so spend that extra half hour really preparing for the seminar and asking anything you’re unsure about – even if it only seems small!

Finally, don’t be afraid to ask – again this took me time to learn and to overcome fears of speaking in seminars and lectures! However, it really will surprise you how helpful lecturers, classmates and even those in the legal profession can be if you take the time to ask!