I wrote in my paper “Energy current and computing” (https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsta.2017.0449 ):

“there is no such a thing as a static electric field in a capacitor. In other words, a capacitor is a form of TL in which a TEM wave moves with a single fixed velocity, which is the speed of light in the medium”.

This statement causes some controversy – Ivor Catt refers to it as “heresy”.

Here I would like to explain what is meant here by static/dynamic:

One of the important aspects of considering the distinction between ‘static’ and ‘dynamic’ is that of what we mean by dynamic/static in the first place.

I think that the notion of dynamic/static, first of all, concerns as to whether a particular value (say, electric field intensity E) changes in time or not, i.e. whether dE/dt is non-zero or not. Another notion of dynamic/static is about the movement of the value in space (and, necessarily in time because movement in space cannot be instantaneous!), so if we talk about the electric field E, we can be talking about dE/dx being non-zero, and here is the critical notion of the link between dE/dt and dE/dx, which MUST be mediated by dx/dt (speed of light in the medium!). The latter MUST BE ALREADY SET UP, ab initio, and that’s what Ivor Catt’s Heaviside signal is about. So, even if we have an impression that something is static – like electric field in a fully charged or fully discharged capacitor, this impression will be viewed in the form of contrapuntal dE/dt=0, we somehow need to retain the notion of c=dx/dt being constant and non-zero. But then the immediate question arises of: **what is there that is moving in a longitudal direction at speed c? ** And the answer is the Heaviside signal! What else? So, my understanding is that THIS MOVING THING is what makes me state that that there is no such a thing as a static electric field in a capacitor!